One Person, Ten Steps


MiPlan: City of Miami Climate Action Plan

Executive Summary

The City of Miami sits on the frontline of man-made climate change. Over the next century, escalating greenhouse gas emissions threaten to dramatically increase the earthís temperatures and raise sea levels, making Greater Miami one of the most vulnerable urban areas in the world. If climate change proceeds unmitigated, living in Miami will become extremely difficult, if not impossible.

The City of Miami is committed to taking action to reduce and halt global climate change. Miamiís greenhouse gas emissions currently exceed 4.8 million metric tons per year and will rise to 5.7 million metric tons by 2020 without action. MiPlan, the City of Miamiís Climate Action Plan, outlines how the City will reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 25% below 2006 levels citywide by 2020 and to 25% below 2007 governmental levels by 2015. MiPlan represents a strong first step towards a sustainable future for Miami. The keystones of MiPlan focus on five main areas of sustainability:


  • Buildings are the source of more than half of Miamiís greenhouse gas emissions. Buildings consume energy to provide basic functions such as cooling, lighting, heating water, and running appliances and computers. Most buildings also waste energy, using 30% of their energy inefficiently or unnecessarily, according to the US EPA. Miami buildings are unique in that they consume almost all of their energy from electricity and use more of that energy for cooling than almost anywhere else in the US.
  • Miami will reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by 975,000 metric tons by 2020 through improvements in energy efficiency in both new and existing buildings. This program will emphasize efforts to improve energy efficiency in existing buildings and their cooling and lighting systems, which together can comprise more than half of electricity used in a typical South Florida building.

Energy sources

  • Electricity supplies almost all of Miamiís energy for buildings. More efficient generation and cleaner fuel sources of electricity can greatly reduce the Cityís greenhouse gas emissions. Although Miamiís greenhouse gas emissions from electricity have been decreasing in recent years through the efforts of the Cityís utility (FPL), the City seeks to have that trend continue and accelerate.
  • Miami will reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by 429,000 metric tons by increasing the use of renewable energy and the use of more efficient, local sources of power.


  • The transportation sector, predominantly the use of cars and trucks, produces 40% of the Cityís greenhouse gas emissions. Shifting the means of transportation from single-occupant large cars and SUVs to more efficient cars or alternative methods of transportation can greatly decrease the Cityís greenhouse gas emissions. Miami-Dade County roads now see over 21 billion miles of driving per year, up 33% from 10 years ago. Increasing commute times and driver frustration heighten the need to improve transportation in the City. By increasing the number of transportation choices to residents and removing barriers to alternative transportation, MiPlan seeks to reduce automobile dependency.
  • Miami will reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by 565,000 metric tons by 2020 by reducing vehicle miles traveled, increasing fuel efficiency, increasing the use of alternative transportation, and increasing the use of alternatively-fueled vehicles.

Land Use

  • Land use contributes to energy consumption in both the building and transportation sectors. Denser, more walkable cities have lower automobile usage and are more energy efficient. Compact, pedestrian-friendly urban planning can contribute not only to decreased energy consumption but also provide sustainable communities for Miamiís future. The City is projected to absorb another 50,000 residents by 2020 and the manner in which they are absorbed will impact the Cityís greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Miami will reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by 148,000 metric tons by implementing more efficient land use planning and zoning.


  • Some amount of temperature increase and sea level rise is inevitable, even if greenhouse gas concentrations are stabilized at current levels.
  • Miami will begin to plan for the impacts of climate change and incorporate climate change scenarios into long-range planning.

Climate change presents one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century, but there is hope for the global environment. As an international city, Miami has the opportunity to lead in developing innovative, sustainable solutions and pushing the frontiers of progress by initiating a program to implement energy efficiency improvements citywide. In doing so, Miami will provide a model that will reap the benefits of innovation through the growth of local green industries, by reducing dependence on foreign energy sources, and by creating a sustainable community that attracts families and businesses.

Executive Summary in Spanish
Full MiPlan in English
Full MiPlan in Spanish